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The Guangdong automobile industry difficult to cover the indisposition to urgently await to innovate independently

                                                                                                                                      


     “15” period, automobile industry gradually east Chenguang pillar industry. According to customs newest statistics, Guangdong auto export total amount nation first, Guangzhou passenger vehicle output nation second; Take Guangzhou as the Guangdong automobile industry which commands troops, in recent years output, the output value all by 50% about speed growth, become the Guangdong nine big industry industries, in the Guangzhou three big pillar industries grow quickly, the most dazzling luminescent spot. However, the expert pointed out that, future 5 years, the Guangdong automobile industry will need to want to realize the archery target development, it will be radically sharpens the research and development ability, the cultivation independent brand. 
  “The market trades the technology” along more than 10 years ago the way, the Guangdong automobile industry scale and an output group expansion. But the dazzling result difficult to have covered since long ago pain of the technical flaw. Some experts pointed out that, the Guangzhou automobile industry core technologies total dependence joint capital outside, the management risk too concentrates. The present automobile new product is specially a passenger vehicle, must depend on the introduction overseas technology and the product completely; The major part spare part enterprise designs the development ability not to be strong, the most enterprises have chosen the introduction overseas technology, the automobile industry scientific research development investment insufficiency. 
  But the automobile fitting industry faces the output similarly high the technical content low predicament. Statistics have indicated, Guangdong Province's automobile spare part manufacturer altogether had more than 350 at present, the Guangzhou white clouds area already becomes the Guangzhou biggest automobile and the spare part sells the market, the Foshan existing steam matches enterprise 169, the total investment 6,878,000,000 Yuan, formed Shunde, the South China Sea, three water, the imperial sacrifices city 4 steam initially matches the industry to gather the developed area. However, customs' statistical data demonstrated that, Guangdong's automobile spare part import by the high-tech key component primarily, the quantity many also grows quickly, but exports then many for technical content and value low automobile general spare part, presents the mouth part technology content high, the value is in and out high, but exports the part exactly opposite characteristic. 
  The professional believed that, according to the international automobile industry brand development experience, a mature automobile independent brand research and development, requests the enterprise to achieve generally 2,000,000 scales of production, 1,000,000,000 US dollar fixed asset investments, 1,000,000,000 US dollar operation costs, meanwhile need 8000 to 10,000 human of technical research and development troop, approximately 30 laboratories, also the average two years can develop a section new vehicle and so on. Although this by no means inexorable law, but “the Brazilian pattern” many model significance - - - Brazil's automobile industry development is also very quick, but because does not have the independent research and development ability and the independent brand, so far still was a big processing factory and sells the market. Above if complies with experiences, perhaps that, the Guangdong automobile industry still needed “traded the technology in the market” the road to go forward the line, was as before long road of to the independent brand. 
  The automobile industry development key is must have own core technologies and the spare part, the independent innovation wheel will carry the enterprise to advance to road of the independent brand. At present, the Chinese automobile industry three big three small some already borrowed “25” opportunity starts to prepare for war positively the independent brand, “on steam” the new 5 year strategies proposed formed the independent brand management system, achieved 2,000,000 vehicle scales, including 600,000 independent brand vehicles, will simultaneously include nearly 40,000 to 50,000 new energy vehicle goal; “Steam” the group decides similarly the goal in 2,000,000, in which independent brand 1,000,000. The Guangdong automobile industry on the joint capital path, whether surmounted “the market for first” the idea, advances to the independent innovation, the independent brand road of, this is a great challenge.

 

广东汽车工业难掩病痛 亟待自主创新

     “十五期间,汽车产业渐成广东支柱产业。据海关最新统计,广东汽车出口总额全国第一,广州轿车产量全国第二;以广州为领军的广东汽车工业,近几年的产量、产值都以50%左右的速度增长,成为广东九大工业产业、广州三大支柱产业中增长最快、最耀眼的亮点。然而,专家指出,未来5年,广东汽车业要想实现质的发展,其根本是提高研发能力、培育自主品牌

  沿着10多年前“市场换技术”的路径,广东汽车工业的规模和产量一路扩张。但耀眼的成绩已难掩长期以来技术缺失之痛。有专家指出,广州汽车工业核心技术完全依赖合资外方,经营风险过于集中。目前的汽车新产品特别是轿车,全部要靠引进国外技术和产品;绝大部分零部件企业设计开发能力也不强,多数企业选择了引进国外技术,汽车工业科研开发投入不足。

  汽车配件业同样面临产量高而技术含量低的窘境。据统计,目前广东省的汽车零部件生产厂家共有350多家,广州白云区已经成为广州市最大的汽车与零部件销售市场,佛山现有汽配企业169家,投资总额68.78亿元,初步形成顺德、南海、三水、禅城4个汽配产业的集聚发展区域。然而,海关的统计数据显示,广东的汽车零部件进口以高技术关键部件为主,量多且增长快,而出口则多为技术含量和价值较低的汽车通用零部件,呈现出进口部件技术含量高、价值高,而出口部件恰好相反的特点。

  业内人士认为,按照国际汽车业品牌发展经验,一个成熟的汽车自主品牌的研发,一般要求企业达到200万辆的生产规模,10亿美元的固定资产投入,10亿美元的运转费用,同时还需要8000到1万人的技术研发队伍,约30个实验室,且平均两年能开发一款新车等。虽说这并非必然规律,但“巴西模式”不乏借鉴意义———巴西的汽车工业发展也很快,但因为没有自主研发能力和自主品牌,到目前为止仍不过是一个大加工厂和销售市场而已。如果遵从以上经验,那么,广东汽车工业也许仍然要在“市场换技术”的路上前行,通向自主品牌之路依旧漫长。

  汽车工业发展的关键是要有自己的核心技术和零部件,自主创新的车轮将载着企业迈向自主品牌之路。目前,中国汽车业的三大三小有些已经借十一五之机开始积极备战自主品牌,上汽的新5战略提出形成自主品牌经营体系,达到200万辆整车规模,其中包括60万辆自主品牌车,同时含有将近4万到5万辆新能源车的目标;一汽集团同样将目标定在200万辆,其中自主品牌100万辆。广东汽车工业在合资道路上,能否超越市场为先的理念,迈向自主创新、自主品牌之路,这是一个重大挑战。

 
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